The entire tenant on which the theory of evolution is based rests on the idea that all things in nature are the result of natural and normal processes of biological and chemical laws. Their argument is that just because man is not aware of what all these laws are doesn't discount the fact that life as we know it on earth has come about through spontaneous and random changes brought about by natural causes. And because of this concept, evolutionists of necessity are forced to accept as fact that all life is the result of unpredicted biological accidents.
Therefore, evolutionists must maintain the conviction that there is not, nor can there be some supernatural intelligence working behind the scenes deliberately and purposefully designing and creating the many and varied forms of life we see on earth. Therefore, in order for evolutionists to admit that there is intelligent design in nature would force them to contradict the very theory on which their whole argument is based.
The most fundament law of physics on which evolution primarily rests has to do with the way DNA works. Each living cell contains a long strain of chemicals called DNA which tells each living cell how to function, how to divide, and what kind of cell to become. The explanation that evolutionists give for the many and varied species of plant and animal life that exists on earth is that random and accidental changes can and do occur in the DNA strand when it divides, thereby changing the instruction code.
If we think of each rung on the double helix strand of DNA as a letter, and we put those letters together in a certain sequence, they can spell a word. For example, we can put three letters together to spell the word "sun." But, if in making a copy of this word, a mistake is made so that the new copy now spells it "son" it changes the entire meaning of the word.
Evolutionists say that just one minor change in the DNA code can cause the new cell to do something very different from its parent cell, and it is small changes like this, accumulating over thousands and sometimes millions of years, that has given us the wide variety of plant and animal life we see today.
But sometimes a change in the DNA code produces a word that makes no sense. For example, the word "sun" could be mistakenly copied as "scn." Since there is no such word, this would cause a defect to occur in the new cell whereby the new cell does not operate properly. When this happens, evolutionists say that this mistake hampers the ability of the new plant or animal to survive as well as it should and therefore it or its offspring will eventually die off. This is what evolutionists refer to as survival of the fitness, meaning that only the best adapted living organisms survive.
And it is because of this explanation of random mutations, based on the laws of chemistry occurring within the DNA strand, that evolutionists assert that whatever design we see in nature is not the result of any super imposing intelligence that has deliberately created it but is the natural consequence of an ordinary biological process.
Yet, if this is true then it should be easy to test this theory, therefore, let's look at some of the designs we find in nature.
The human body is composed of many different kinds of organs but perhaps the simplest of them all is the bladder. Although nearly all organs perform multiple tasks, the bladder performs no other function except to be a holding tank for waste liquids until those liquids are ready to be expelled from the body.
The blood system carries nutrients and oxygen to all of the cells but it also carries impurities that are toxic to the body so the blood is filtered through the kidneys which remove these impurities. Coming out of each kidney is a small tube called the ureter through which the unwanted liquid waste that has been removed from the blood goes down into the bladder where it is stored.
The bladder is made of a smooth muscle which is water-tight, thereby preventing the liquid waste inside of it from seeping out into the body. At the bottom of the bladder is a different kind of muscle called the inner sphincter which is tightly closed thereby preventing the liquid from draining out the bottom of the bladder until the liquid is ready to be released. The way the liquid is released is when the bladder muscle contracts, thereby forcing the inner sphincter muscle to open, which then allows the liquid to drain out of the body through a tube called the urethra.
However, a very short distance from the bottom of the bladder, there is another muscle that surrounds the urethra that is called the external sphincter. In addition to this, in men there is a gland called the prostate that sits between the inner sphincter at the bottom of the bladder and the top of the external sphincter, through which the urethra passes.
The way the bladder knows when to release its contents is because of a nerve attached to the bladder known as the sympathetic nerve. As this holding tank takes on liquid from the kidneys it begins to expand and when it has stretched to a certain size it causes a signal to be generated by the sympathetic nerve that travels up the spinal column to the brain, letting us know that we need to empty our bladder. We can think of this nerve as a pressure switch that is turned on when the bladder expands to a certain size.
But this nerve can't go just to any part of the brain. It has to be attached to a very specific place in the brain. When the brain recognizes that the bladder is full, it sends a signal by way of the parasympathetic nerve that travels down the spinal column to where it then is attached to the side of the bladder. This signal is what causes the bladder to contract, which in turn forces the inner sphincter muscle to open and allows the waste liquid to drain out.
This all happens automatically without any conscious effort on our part. However, as humans we have learned how to refrain from emptying our bladder until we are consciously ready to do so, but to do this we must use the external sphincter muscle which we can consciously control.
Therefore, when the signal from the brain travels down to the bladder, it encounters a switch where it bypasses the parasympathetic nerve going to our bladder and causes it to travel down along the prudendal nerve which sends the signal to the external sphincter to stay shut. Then, when we make a conscious decision to empty our bladder, we cause the signal coming from the brain to switch from going to our external sphincter and reroutes it to go to the bladder. This then causes the external sphincter muscle to open and triggers the bladder muscle to contract, thereby forcing the waste liquid to pass out through our urethra.
But the bladder is hanging in the body by two small tubes from the kidneys and its weight, especially when full of liquid, could cause the ureters to break. Therefore, to support the bladder there are three ligaments. There is one on each side of the bladder near the top called the lateral umbilical ligaments and the third one is located in the center of the bladder at the top called the middle ligament. The location of these ligaments are crucial to properly holding the bladder in place. If these ligaments were in any other location they would not support the bladder as well as they do.
If we were to build a devise where water emptied into a water-tight container (held in place by three strong cords), that had pressure sensors built into it, that had wires running to a computer that was able to independently control the opening and closing of two different valves through a switching coupler, not even the most hardened evolutionists would claim that such a devise was created by random chance. It would be obvious to the most devout believer in evolution that this devise was created by someone who had a fairly sophisticated level of intelligence.
We have all seen movies where there is a ticking time bomb that is set to detonate in less than a minute and the hero has just seconds left to decide which wire to cut in order to disarm the bomb. Of all the many wires visible to our hero, if he cuts the wrong one the bomb will explode. We would definitly say that this bomb is a piece of equipment that has been deliberately designed by someone who is highly intelligent, yet the simplest, most basic organ in the human body is wired just as intricately but evolutionists will still adamantly deny that there is any intelligent design to it.
The answer that an evolutionist will give to explain away this design is that the bladder was developed over millions and millions of years of genetic mutations and came to its present form after many other changes failed to work properly. It is their contention that nature slowly improved upon itself and that those animals whose bladders didn't work as well simply died off, leaving us with only the perfectly working model we have today.
In order for the small, incremental changes to add up it would require that the inefficient or non-working organ would have to survive during all of those changes. However, to make this claim evolutionists would have to contradict their theory that only the fittest animals survive. In other words, an animal who had a bladder that didn't work properly would have died off long before nature could have randomly figured out a way to correct the problem.
But even this explanation of random mutation doesn't explain the function of yet another organ in the body.
The most basic element of evolution is that a species has to be able to reproduce itself. Unless it can do this, it will become extinct, therefore the reproductive system is essential to the survival of any species.
In the male body, a man has something called testicles. This is a highly complex organ that performs a number of different functions. The first is to produce sperm, but the sperm initially produced is simple in form therefore it is stored in another part of the testis called the epididymis where it develops and matures and is held until it is ready to be released.
The testis also produces a hormone called testosterone. A hormone is a chemical that the body produces and which stimulates and regulates certain function in the body. The human body produces about fifty different kinds of hormones so the chemical makeup of testosterone is not only unique to all the other hormones but its manufacture must be very exacting in its composition, where it is manufactured and where it is stored. If the chemical makeup of testosterone is off by just one or two molecules it will not be able to produce its desired result, and if it is produced and secreted into the body in the wrong place it will not be able to have an effect upon certain glands to produce the needed results necessary for reproduction to occur.
The hormone testosterone produces several effects in the male body having to do with sexual activity, one of which is to signal the release of the sperm stored in the testis. When the sperm is released it travels through a tube called the ductus deferens which goes up and over the front of the bladder, then drapes over the back of the bladder where it enters into the prostate.
This arraignment allows for more material to be placed into a smaller area thereby showing a design that is both compact and efficient. However, just before the ductus deferens enters the prostate there is a small gland called the seminal vesicle that has a tube leading from it that connects with the ductus deferens thereby allowing the seminal vesicle to insert a substance into the main tube coming from the testis that will mix with the sperm.
Once inside the prostate the ductus deferens then merges with the urethra so that the sperm can then continue to travel outside the body. But, just below the prostate is yet another gland called the bulbourethral or cowpers gland that has a tube leading from it that connects with the urethra.
This makes three different glands that are able to secret their own particular substance into the track that the sperm is traveling along. But more importantly, it is the testosterone hormone that triggers each of these glands to release their substance at just the right time to mix with the sperm as its journey's from the testis to the outside world.
This system is like an automated assembly line that puts together various pieces to produce a completed product. Imagine an automated assembly line that takes an empty glass bottle, fills it with a carbonated beverage, then attaches and seals a cap to the top of the bottle, then picks up the bottle, places it in a carton, and, when the carton is full, seals up the carton and then pushes the carton off the assembly line where a man picks it up and puts it onto a truck. No rational person would look at that automated assembly line and conclude it came together by itself without any help from someone with intelligence. Yet that is what evolutionists want us to believe happened with the male reproductive system.
But it is worse than that.
A single sperm is a living entity that has a head and a long tail. The tail is what propels the sperm forward and the head contains half of the man's DNA material. As the mature sperm travels along the ductus deferens, the Seminole vesicle secrets a substance made of a high concentration of fructose that mixes with the sperm. Then, once inside the prostate, to this mixture is added an alkaline fluid that is milky white in appearance. As this mixture passes out of the prostate, the cowpens gland then adds a slimy, mucous fluid to the sperm as the final ingredient. But it is the reason why these three ingredients are added to the sperm that contradicts the theory of evolution.
When the sperm enters a woman's vagina it must swim up her fallopian tubes in order to reach her overies where it will seek to fertilize one of her eggs. The fructose from the Seminole vesicle provides the sperm with the extra energy it will need to make this arduous voyage. Without this added fructose the sperm would most likely not be able to complete its journey.
In addition to this, a woman's vagina is acidic in nature, therefore, the prostate adds an alkaline substance to the sperm which will protect it from being destroyed by the acidity in the woman's vagina. If it wasn't for this substance, the sperm would be killed off before they ever reached the egg.
The mucous fluid provided by the cowpens gland provides lubrication for the sperm so it will move more easily out of the man and through a woman's reproductive system thereby allowing the sperm to expend less energy than it would otherwise need, thereby giving it a greater chance to succeed in its mission of fertilizing an egg.
But there is yet one more obstacle to mating. The opening of a woman's vagina is much like a sphincter muscle. It is tightly closed and, like that in the bladder, in order for it to be opened takes pressure put against it. The male penis, through which the sperm exits a man's body, is soft and pliable. In this condition it doesn't have the strength to open and pass beyond the muscle that protects the interior of a woman's vagina. And without being able to do this, a man's sperm cannot enter inside the female's reproductive system. Yet, unless this happen, the human species cannot reproduce itself.
However, the testosterone hormone compensates for this by regulating the release of a large quantity of blood into the penis tissue so that it become inflated and sufficiently ridged enough to push past the outer vagina muscle.
It's one thing to say that an animal can change from one species to another as a result of random and unpredictable changes in its genetic code with no intelligent thought being needed, but how would a system in one body know what changes are needed in order for it to properly mate with a totally different system located in a different body outside of itself? In other words, how does the genetic code inside a man's body know that it needs to produce four different but specific kinds of substances in order for his sperm to enter a female's body, then survive long enough to complete its task of fertilizing her egg?
If evolutionary changes occur through random and unpredicted mutations within the DNA it is impossible for that to happen. If evolutionary changes take thousands or millions of years to occur, then it would be impossible for mankind to continue reproducing itself without these substances until nature accidently made all the correct and necessary changes in a man's genetic code that would provide the perfect system for reproduction.
And when we look at the complexity of a woman's reproductive system and everything that is needed for her to not only conceive but bring forth a new human life, the chances that all of these things, along with all the changes needed in a man's reproductive system, to just happen by accident over millions of years of evolutionary development is so far outside the realm of possibility as to be statistically at absolute zero.
When we look at the human body what we see is an engineering marvel in both design and function, even at the simplest level. And when it comes to human reproduction, it is far easier to believe, and it makes much more logical sense, that someone with a higher degree of intelligence than man possesses, deliberately designed two very different yet complimentary operating system that work perfectly together from the moment they appeared in the first mammal than it is to believe that man is nothing more than the result of a biological accident.